Canada's Coldest Day - Canada's History (2022)

  • A group of Snag residents defy the elements, February 1947. The first three men in back row, from left, are Max Bowitz, Gordon Toole, and Wilf Blezard.

  • Map of area where Snag is located.

  • Gordon Toole on the trail in later life.

  • Top Canadian Cold Spots.

  • Toole's team benighted near Snag.

  • Weathermen near Snag airport, February 1947.

    (Video) WINTER IN CANADA! The Good, The Bad, and the Cold...

  • RCAF plane at Snag airport; a link to "outside."

  • Photographic proof, taken at Mayo, 3 February 1947.

    G.A. McIntyre, Mayo

On 3 February 1947 at 7:20 A.M. Yukon time, weather observer Gordon Toole hurried the 30 metres from the warm, log barracks at Snag Airport, Yukon, to the weather instrument compound next to the runway.

For eight straight days the temperature had been below -58°F (-50°C), but on this morning it felt colder. Toole could plainly hear the dogs barking at the Indian village, six kilometres to the north, and his exhaled breath made a tinkling sound as it fell to the ground in a white powder.

His six husky dogs were really feeling the cold. On this morning, they were asleep on top of their kennels, curled up with their noses tucked right up under their tails to gamer every calorie of heat.

By the time he arrived at the white louvered shelter housing the thermometers, he could feel the cold seeping through his parka. He unlatched the door of the instrument shelter, and shone the flashlight inside, but was careful not to lean forward and breathe on the thermometers.

From the corner of his eye, he saw something that he had never seen before. The tiny sliding scale inside the glass thermometer column had fallen into the bulb at the end, well below the -80°F (-62.2°C) point — the last mark on the thermometer.

Toole rushed back to the barracks where he coaxed his colleague, Wilf Blezard, to return to the instrument compound. Pointing a set of dividers on one end of the tiny bit of alcohol left in the column, Toole estimated the temperature to be about -83°F (-63.8°C).

As he dutifully scratched a mark on the outside of the thermometer sheath adjacent to the end of the alcohol, he thought about what head office had advised three days earlier. If the alcohol level ever fell below -80°F (-62.2°C), they should mark a corresponding point on the thermometer sheath with a pen.

Typical advice from Toronto, Toole thought. Ink does not flow at that temperature. Instead he made the historic mark using a fine, sharp file.

To complete the job, the observers noted that the weather was a repeat of the last two months — clear, dry and calm. Snow on the ground amounted to 38 centimetres, but was evaporating at three centimetres a day. The visibility at eye-level was 30 kilometres; however, on this day, ground visibility was greatly reduced. At about arm’s length, an eerie, dull-grey shroud of patchy ice or frost fog hung above the dogs and heated buildings.

Back inside the Snag weather office, the Department of Transport radio operator transmitted the weather observation to Whitehorse and Toronto. Within the hour, the Director of the Canadian Weather Service congratulated Snag on becoming North America’s “cold pole.”

He also asked Toole to send the thermometer back to be re-calibrated. The two observers shared the news with the rest of the camp, before packing the thermometer for air shipment to Toronto to have the readings confirmed.

But it was so cold that almost a week passed before it would be warm enough for an airplane to land at Snag. Once in Toronto, the thermometer was put through several laboratory tests before technicians concluded that it had been reading about 1.6°F in error.

Three months later, the weather service accepted a value of -81.4°F (-63°C) as the corrected temperature — still the lowest official temperature ever recorded in North America. It is a record that still stands today — 50 years later [editor’s note: In 2019, the record still stands, 72 years later].

At Snag that day, all 16 men did not need confirmation in Toronto. They could feel how cold it was. But still they were excited by the news. Blezard, now retired and living in Grande Prairie, Alberta, recalls:

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“We had to put a little lock on the door to the instrument screen because everybody was rushing out and looking at the thermometers. Even the slightest bit of body heat would cause the alcohol to jump.”

Fifty years is a long time ago, so perhaps it is not surprising that Toole’s memories of the day are different. “Staff interest,” he said, “was pretty limited. There was no euphoria, prolonged celebrating or serious discussion on how to commemorate the moment.”

Perhaps no one understood the historic significance or maybe it was just that the cold showed no sign of abating. But that was to change.

To start, by 2 p.m., the day’s high reached a relatively balmy -54°F (-47.7°C). Before the day was over, media from around the world had besieged the “frozen chosen” for exclusive interviews on the historic cold. Writers from the Milwaukee Journal and Vancouver Sun phoned for front-page stories to learn what -80 °F (-62.2°C) felt like.

The Globe and Mail reported the following headline: “Snag snug as mercury [sic] sags to a record -82.6°”. The thermometers did not use mercury because it freezes at -39°F (-39.4°C). They were alcohol thermometers and the newspaper knew it. Later in the story: “the only reason the men didn’t celebrate was that all the alcohol at the station was in the thermometer and that was nearly frozen.”

Telegrams of congratulations arrived from many countries. Several messages referred to the world’s new cold pole. But some expressed skepticism. For British meteorologists, who used to measure coldness in degrees of frost [below 32°F (0°C)], upwards of 115 degrees of frost was just too much to comprehend.

On 8 February, a plane arrived at Snag with American military and media who wanted to learn what it was like living and working in such cold conditions. The men at Snag, however, were more interested in the visitors’ cargo of meat, beer and whisky than in becoming celebrities.

Why is the lowest temperature record one of the best-remembered Canadian weather records? First, it was for that typically Canadian feature: cold. Second, it was the record for the western world. And finally, the short, odd name, “Snag”, made this legend of frigidity live on.

Snag was named during the Klondike gold rush. Because boatmen could not read the silty waters of nearby stretches of the White River and its tributaries, boats had to be poled upstream. On occasion, they would be “snagged” and punctured by sharp pointed tree trunks submerged below the milky waters, hence the name.

The Snag weather station operated from 1943 to 1966. It was located at the Snag Airport, east of the Alaska-Yukon boundary, and 25 kilometres north of the Alaska Highway at Mile 1178. The airport was at co-ordinates 62°23’N and 140°23’W, with an elevation of 646 metres.

Set in a broad bowl-shaped, north-south valley of the White River, a tributary of the Yukon River, the now-abandoned airport was surrounded by unglaciated uplands of moderate relief. The vegetation was mostly scrub and poplar trees of about three to six metres tall. The magnificent St. Elias mountains lay 50 kilometres to the south. The village of Snag was six kilometres to the north of the airport, near the point where the Snag Creek flowed into the White River. The village’s population of eight or ten Native people and fur traders was smaller than the staff at the airport.

Of the sixteen staff members at Snag airport, four single men in their early twenties were there to observe the weather. Toole was the officer-in-charge of the weather station. Meteorological staff earned about $1,320 annually, with an extra $20 monthly isolation allowance, which covered the room rate in the barracks. The daily food charge was 50 cents.

The other airport employees were radio operators, also employed by the Department of Transport, and airport maintenance and operations personnel, employed by the Royal Canadian Air Force, whose main job was to keep the runway open. Incidentally, in winter this meant compacting the snow, not ploughing or blowing the strip bare.

Snag was part of the Northwest Staging Route — one of several emergency landing strips or observing stations through Northwest Canada to connect Alaska and Yukon with Central Canada and the United States. They were set up in 1942 and 1943 to provide basic weather services for the RCAF, the United States Army Air Force, and for civilian aviation companies providing military transport. Most pilots flying the northwest route had to fly with visual contact with the ground, called visual flight rules (VFR); otherwise, they might get lost. If weather socked in the main airports, the pilots used alternate airports like Snag and Smith River.

The continental climate in this part of Yukon resembles that of eastern Siberia. Yearly precipitation averages 339 millimetres, with nearly two-thirds of that falling between May and September. The average yearly snowfall totals 155 centimetres. Winds are light with, in winter, a large percentage of calms. Temperatures are more variable with prolonged cold winters and warm summers. The January average daytime high is -13.2°F (-25.1°C) and the average night-time low -32.1°F (-35.6°C); while comparable July averages are high 69.6°F (20.8°C) and low 44.6°F (7°C).

The winter of 1946–47 had been exceptionally cold in the Canadian Northwest. At Snag, temperatures dipped below -58°F (-50°C) on six days in December, and on eleven days in January. From 27 January to 5 February, temperatures remained below -67°F (-55°C). On 30 January, the temperature fell to -76°F (-60°C), giving Yukon its coldest day ever, and Canada, its lowest in 38 years. On 2 February, the temperature fell to -80°F (-62.2°C), which was a new all-time Canadian record cold. But it was to last only a day: the very next day, the corrected temperature was -81.4°F (-63°C) — a new record low for all of North America.

The cold was not confined to Snag. Temperatures reached their lowest point between 1 and 3 February throughout the Yukon. Among the coldest sites were Aishihik Airport, -70.1°F (-56.7°C); Dawson City, -72.9°F (-58.2°C); Haines Junction, -63.0°F (-52.7°C); Kluane Lake, -56.0°F (-48.8°C); Teslin, -52.1°F (-46.7°C); Watson Lake, -67.0°F (-55°C); and Whitehorse, -59.1°F (-50.6°C).

There may have been more. On 3 February, the thermometer at Fort Selkirk, a very small community on the Yukon River, 180 kilometres east-northeast of Snag, recorded -85°F (-65°C), (corrected for instrument error). This reading, however, was not considered official because the thermometer was exposed on the outside wall of a building and not housed in the standard instrument shelter.

That same day at Mayo — a station about 300 kilometres northeast of Snag — the temperature apparently reached -80°F (-62.2°C). “Apparently” because at midnight on 15 February, the station burned down, destroying the weather instruments and observation records. However, photographic evidence exists which shows Mayo’s temperature reading on that day, about -80°F, which is just marginally above the Snag low.

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Long-time resident and local booster, Jean Gordon, claims that while Snag may have a lower temperature extreme, Mayo, with its two schools, hotels and population of 500 people, can boast being the coldest “decent-sized” community in North America and, as a road sign entering Mayo claims, the town with the largest temperature range: a huge 177 degrees, from a maximum of 97°F (-36.1°C) to a minimum of -80°F (-62.2°C).

How did such cold happen? As in most Arctic cold spells, weather conditions in 1946–47 were favourable for a steep temperature inversion. Inversions, a frequent feature of arctic winters, are exceptions to the general rule that temperature decreases with increasing altitude. Inversions can be produced by gravitational drainage of cold air or by radiation. In elevated terrain, the heavy, dense air sinks and slides down the mountain slopes, often pushing any warmer air aloft. The ground also grows colder by radiating heat to the cloud-free sky. In doing so, the ground readily cools the air immediately above it, especially when the skies are clear, there is unlimited visibility, and the winds are calm or light. A layer of air closest to the ground may be as much as 20° to 40° colder than the air at 1,000 metres.

In 1946–47, a strong westerly circulation across North America confined cold arctic air over Alaska and northwestern Canada for much of the winter. During this time, the cold dome of heavy, dense air over the Yukon intensified. With a continuous supply of cold air from northeastern Siberia, the cold dome over the Yukon grew in extent and severity, creating all the record lows. But a dramatic change was to occur later in February: the westerlies relaxed, the cold air spilled through to eastern North America, resulting in severe cold as far south as Florida, and brought maritime air from the Pacific to the southern Yukon where the cold broke for a few days. At Snag, the mercury even rose to a more civilized plus 45°F (-7.2°C).

How did -81.4°F (-63°C) feel? Most Canadians never experience temperatures lower than -50°F (-45.5°C). Blezard and Toole repeatedly said there was a considerable difference between -50°F (-45.5°C) and -80°F (-62.2°C).

The following anecdotes, pieced together from station correspondence with the regional office in Edmonton that winter, as well as from recent interviews with the two observers, give us a glimpse of what life was like for the frozen 16 at Snag during the winter of 1946–47. Says Blezard:

“At 80°F (-62.2°C) below, the talking of the Indians and barking of dogs in the village could be plainly heard at the Airport four miles away. An aircraft that flew over Snag that day at 10,000 feet was first heard when over 20 miles away; and later, when overhead, still at 10,000 feet, the engine roar was deafening. It woke everyone who was sleeping at the time; because they thought the airplane was landing at the airport.”

Anyone who has ever skated outside or gone for long walks in the dead of winter knows that sound carries far and clear the colder it gets. That is because, ordinarily, sound spreads obliquely upward over our heads and is therefore not heard very far away. But, in very cold, stable air, the inversion bends the sound waves back toward the earth where they tend to hug the ground. Further, audibility is improved by the absence of turbulence or wind. In the end, conversations usually heard 30 metres away can be heard more than a kilometre away if the air is clear.

There are even more extraordinary sounds: for instance, when outside, staff at Snag could not only see, but hear, their moist breath solidify to ice in a hissing or faint swishing sound. From his home in Watson Lake, Yukon, Toole recalled the experience:

“It was unique to see a vapour trail several hundred yards long pursuing one as he moved about outside. Becoming lost was of no concern. As an observer walked along the runway, each breath remained as a tiny, motionless mist behind him at head level. These patches of human breath fog remained in the still air for three to four minutes, before fading away. One observer even found such a trail still marking his path when he returned along the same path 15 minutes later.”

There were other cold-weather experiences mentioned by the observers at Snag. For days, a small fog or steam patch would appear over the sled dogs, at a height of 15 to 20 feet. It would disappear only in the warm part of the day when the temperature warmed up to 60 below. A piece of thin ice, when broken, sounded exactly like breaking glass; and a chunk of ice was so cold that, when brought into a warm room, it took five full minutes before there was any trace of moisture, even when held in the hand.

Blezard recalls antics around the camp during the cold spell:

“We threw a dish of water high into the air, just to see what would happen. Before it hit the ground, it made a hissing noise, froze and fell as tiny round pellets of ice the size of wheat kernels. Spit also froze before hitting the ground. Ice became so hard the axe rebounded from it. At such temperatures, metal snapped like ice; wood became petrified, and rubber was just like cement. The dog’s leather harness couldn’t bend or it would break.”

Toole added a few of his memories of sounds and nature during the cold snap:

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“Ice in the White River about a mile east of the airport, cracked and boomed loudly, like gun fire. During the bitter cold, you would go days without seeing any wildlife, apart from ravens, rabbits, mice, snowbirds and ptarmigans. Cold air generated intense radio static much like the crackling during a thunderstorm.”

Life in the cold had its complications. Surprisingly, heating the log buildings was less of a problem that one might expect. In a memo to his superior, Dr. Tom How, officer-in-charge of the Edmonton forecast office, Toole wrote about the hardships that winter:

“With constant stoking of the furnace the temperature of the barracks remained quite comfortable. The only uncomfortably cool room in the barracks was the common room, this was due to a large hole, 8 feet by 4 feet, being in the ceiling. The hole was caused by the freezing and bursting of one of the water pipes on December 2nd. Despite promises by the RCAF at Whitehorse that a carpenter was coming up on the first available aircraft to fix the ceiling, the temporary patch, put on by two of the radio personnel and myself, remains.”

Toole wrote further:

”No provisions have been made for supplying the barracks with water for drinking or washing purposes. This, as you can see, has made it almost impossible for personnel to wash more than once a day and has terminated showers or baths. ... After seconds outdoors, nose hairs freeze rigidly and your eyes tear. Facial hair and glasses become thickly crusted with frozen breath ... you had to be careful not to inhale too deeply for fear of freezing or scalding one’s lungs. The only other discomfort caused by the cold were numerous cases of beginning frostbite, particularly the familiar ‘ping’ as the tip of one’s nose froze. One only had to remain outside for 3 or 4 minutes with face exposed before cheeks, nose and ears were frozen.”

During the extreme cold, outdoor chores had to be postponed. The weather staff felt fortunate that observing duties kept them outside only for two minutes every hour. On the other hand, the enlisted men were outside for relatively long bouts, hauling wood to keep the barracks, the garage and powerhouse warm. They had to take extra precautions to prevent throat and lung burn from over-exertion in the frigid air. Says Blezard, “It was easy to freeze your nose at -70°F (-56.6°C) without even knowing it was cold. At -30°F (-34.4°C) you feel it coming”.

Beating the “cold blues” was another challenge. Toole busied himself during the cold spell by checking his trap lines; others played cards, boxed, listened to classical music, read and talked. And the talk was about the wretched cold.

In the midst of the cold spell, there was no re-supply by RCAF planes from Whitehorse for several weeks. Blezard recalled: “All we ate was fish and bacon and eggs... there was very little meat ... we lived mostly on beans for the last five days.”

Starting machinery was also a chore. And, getting an engine started was no guarantee it could continue to run. At that temperature, the oil and the transmission fluid coagulated into something approaching a solid. Also, truck tires could splay open when they hit ruts. But the weather instruments, apart from the thermometers, all seemed to work in the cold.

How does the Snag record stand compared with the rest of the world? Being the North American record, it beats every official temperature reading in Canada and in the United States.

The Snag record beat the previous lowest Canadian temperature of -77.9°F (-61°C), recorded on 11 January 1911 at Fort Vermilion, Alberta (still Western Canada’s lowest official temperature, though), as well as the lowest temperature ever recorded in the United States. That was -79.8°F (-62.1°C) recorded on 23 January 1971 at Prospect Creek, Alaska, a camp along the Alaskan pipeline in the Endicott Mountains.

For comparison, the table on page 33 shows official record low temperatures for the Canadian provinces and territories. Interestingly, in the Arctic Islands, the lowest temperature ever reported was -69.2°F (-56.2°C) at Lake Hazen, a special International Geophysical Year observing station, on 4 January 1958.

Unofficially, however, temperatures lower than -81°F (-62.7°C) have been reported. On 7 January 1982, two temporary sites near Fort Nelson, in northeastern British Columbia, reported temperatures of -96°F (-71.1°C) and -92°F (-68.8°C), in connection with a permafrost study; while the temperature at Fort Nelson airport weather station was -43.6°F (-42°C). The extreme temperatures were attributed to intense cold air in mountain valleys during a long, cold, clear night.

Will Snag remain North America’s cold spot? Only time will tell. But one thing is for certain, weather observers will no longer have to mark thermometer sheaths when temperatures fall below -80°F (-62.2°C). Now, all official alcohol thermometers in Canada have markings to -94°F (-70°C), a thermometer redesign due to the coldest day in Canadian history.

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FAQs

What is the coldest day in Canada ever? ›

However, the coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was −63.0 °C or −81 °F in Snag, Yukon.

What is the coldest day in history? ›

The world's coldest temperature record, established on July 21, 1983, is held by the high-altitude weather station of Vostok, Antarctica. On that date, the temperature fell to -128.6 degrees Fahrenheit.

What was the coldest day in Canada 2022? ›

Date: Saturday, February 26, 2022.

Is Russia colder than Canada? ›

This week: weather. 1. As far as countries go, Canada is pretty much the coolest — literally. It vies with Russia for first place as the coldest nation in the world, with an average daily annual temperature of —5.6ºC.

Is Canada the coldest country? ›

CANADA. Situated next to the United States of America, Canada is also considered as the coldest state of the planet. As it is located in the north of US, therefore, it receives the same chilly winds as the US does. These chilly winds bring heavy snowfall and drop the temperature to about -40 degrees Celsius.

Is Canada the coldest place on Earth? ›

According to a recent weather report from WX-Now, Canada made it to the top 15 coldest places on Earth… Thirteen times to be exact. With Russia and Antarctica being the other two locations included on that list, Old Crow Yukon made second place with a low of -43C.

Where is coldest place on Earth? ›

1) Eastern Antarctic Plateau, Antarctica (-94°C)

The Eastern Antarctic Plateau claims the title of coldest place on Earth.

What is the coldest country in the world? ›

Antarctica (Coldest temperatures in the world)

Antarctica has the distinction of being the world's coldest country. While it's technically a continent, there are no separate countries within it, so it's essentially the only country on the continent! This place gets crazily cold.

Where is the coldest place in the world? ›

What is the coldest place on Earth? It is a high ridge in Antarctica on the East Antarctic Plateau where temperatures in several hollows can dip below minus 133.6 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 92 degrees Celsius) on a clear winter night.

Why Canada is so cold? ›

Because of its location north of the Equator, it does experience cold weather. However, because of its size, it has many different climates. Just imagine, its southern border lies in the same latitude as sunny northern California, while its northern border is near the frigid arctic.

Is February colder than January? ›

In 45 states, the coldest month of the year is January. December and February are the coldest months in other states. You might recall that February of 2021 was a brutally cold month.

How cold is extreme cold? ›

Extreme cold may be considered any temperature below freezing (32 degrees F). During an extreme cold event, your body must work extra hard to regulate a normal body temperature and that could lead to illness or death, especially with vulnerable populations.

Does it snow in Africa? ›

Snow is an almost annual occurrence on some of the mountains of South Africa, including those of the Cedarberg and around Ceres in the South-Western Cape, and on the Drakensberg in Natal and Lesotho.

What is the warmest city in Canada? ›

1. Victoria, British Columbia. Victoria – the capital of British Columbia – has the distinct honor of being Canada's warmest city.

Which country has 12 months winter? ›

Most of Finland experiences 100 days of winter. However, further north in Lapland, winter stretches for 200 days, with permanent snow covering from mid-October till early May; sometimes all the way to June. On very cold days, the temperatures in Lapland can fall to as low as -45°C (-49° F).

Is UK colder than Canada? ›

Canada is about ten times larger than the UK, with several very different climatic zones. But it is safer to say that most, if not all, of Canada is colder than the UK.

What's the hottest country? ›

Mali is the hottest country in the world, with an average yearly temperature of 83.89°F (28.83°C). Located in West Africa, Mali actually shares borders with both Burkina Faso and Senegal, which follow it on the list.

What is the coldest country in the world 2022? ›

Top 10 Coldest Countries in the World 2022
  • Russia − The Lowest Temperature Ever Recorded: -67.7 °C (-89.86 °F) ...
  • Greenland − The Lowest Temperature Ever Recorded: -66.1 °C (-87.0 °F) ...
  • Canada − The Lowest Temperature Ever Recorded: -63.0 °C (-81.4 °F) ...
  • USA − The Lowest Temperature Ever Recorded: -62.2 °C (-80 °F)
May 23, 2022

Where is coldest right now? ›

With 11/15 spots going to Canadian regions, there's certainly no signs of a mild fall season in the territories! Taking the prize as “the coldest place on Earth” right now is the South Pole in Antarctica, where temperatures are currently sitting at a cool -38.

Do animals feel cold? ›

Animal species have their own equivalent to what human beings experience as that unpleasant biting mixed with pins-and-needles sensation that urges us to warm up soon or suffer the consequences. In fact, the nervous system mechanisms for sensing a range of temperatures are pretty much the same among all vertebrates.

Is the cold good for you? ›

But new research suggests regular exposure to the cold could deliver an avalanche of surprising health benefits, helping you to torch more flab, fire up your metabolism, reduce your risk of diabetes, strengthen your heart and lungs, train harder and even fight off depression.

What was the hottest day ever in Canada? ›

B.C. sets new Canadian record for hottest temperature ever...
  • National record: Lytton, B.C. (46.6°C)
  • Monthly records: Lytton, B.C. (46.6°C), Pemberton, B.C. (40.3°C), Abbotsford, B.C. (39.6°C), Hope, B.C. (39.5°C), Squamish, B.C. (39°C), Victoria, B.C. (35.8°C), Grande Prairie, Alta. (
Jun 15, 2022

What is the hottest Canada has ever been? ›

A heat dome hanging over British Columbia in late June 2021 melted Canada's long-standing record high temperature. Up until then, the highest temperature officially recorded in Canada was 45 °C (113 °F) on July 5, 1937 at Midale and at Yellow Grass, two small towns in southeastern Saskatchewan.

How cold is space? ›

The Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite has refined temperature measurements taken way back in 1964. According to data from the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite, the temperature of space is 2.725K (2.725 degrees above absolute zero).

How cold does it get in Canada? ›

Canadian winters can be freezing cold. Temperatures throughout winter are usually below or around zero degrees Celsius, and tend to linger between -5 and -15 degrees Celsius. It rarely gets below -20 or -30 degrees Celsius, but it does happen. Heavy snowfall is common in November and December.

Not in 26 years of releasing the Top 10 Weather Events has there been anything comparable to this year, where Canadians endured such a stream of weather extremes. The year began with windstorms causing multi-million dollar damage across the West in early January, and ended with rain, windstorms and floods causing multi-billion dollars of damage in British Columbia. Although we cannot attribute a single weather event to human-caused climate change, the evidence is conclusive -- we are experiencing more intense and more frequent extreme weather. Climate change is leading to more frequent and more intense disasters around the world. This was the year southern Canadians began seeing this firsthand. There was no new types of weather this year – our grandparents coped with the same rain, heat, floods, fires and drought. But the extremes were of a different nature than in the past. They were more widespread, intense, frequent and impactful.

Owing to the extraordinary early summer heat and drought, British Columbia suffered a tragic week of weather and from unbelievable fall-season rains and floods, likely the most destructive and expensive year to date.. Temperature extremes in Canada covered a range of 100 degrees, varying from a record hot of 49.6 °C, causing nearly 800 fatalities in British Columbia and Alberta, to the coldest temperature in 4 years at -51.9 °C.. Two days earlier, on June 27, Lytton broke the previous national record (45 °C) that had stood for 84 years from Yellowgrass and Midale, Saskatchewan, and exceeded that record on June 28 and yet again on June 29.. From June 24 to July 4, the inferno-like heat blew past 1000 daily temperature records over 11 days, with over 100 records between 40 °C and 50 °C and some by 12 degrees, not decimals.. Calgary broke 5 records in a row, including new June 29 and July 1 records of 36.3 °C and nearly broke the all-time highest temperature record for the city over the past 140 years of 36.6 °C, which was set in 2019.. Calgary recorded 512 hours of smoke and haze (normal yearly count is 12 hours) - the dirtiest skies in 70 years of record keeping.. Second heat wave About a week after the first heat wave in the East, torrid heat enveloped the region again from June 4 to June 9 with several sites reporting temperatures exceeding 30 °C for 3 to 5 consecutive days, some at 14 degrees warmer than normal.. In Calgary, it was the second-hottest June on record, with the hottest day, June 29, coming in at 36.3 °C, only 0.2 °C off the highest temperature ever recorded in the city.. Following a record active hurricane season in 2020 with 30 tropical storms across the Atlantic basin, this year continued to be busy with 21 named tropical storms from Ana to Wanda, and 7 hurricanes, of which 4 were major or intense at sustained winds of 178 km/h or greater.. First winter storm not until the New Year Weather bomb revs up snowblowers Groundhog Day storm 2021 Storm debilitates Atlantic Canada for a week or more Winter’s one day of misery for Moncton Lion-like March storm slams Atlantic Canada Rare March lightning Easter rain and ice storm with loss at sea Newfoundland’s record April showers Rare Nova Scotia tornadoes Thin, weak ice off and on Labrador affects life Where are the icebergs?. Groundhog Day storm slows traffic Early March blizzard closes highways Lightning storm wakes up Montrealers Winter-Spring storm slams the East Record minimum ice conditions in the Gulf Winter’s last hurrah Pollen explosion Trois-Rivières thunderstorm August sweltering and sultry in Quebec October storms and two final tornadoes. Winter wallop shuts learning at home and school Lion-like storm Mid-March wind storm across Ontario Winter-Spring storm slams Ontario and beyond Ontario’s April snowfall Pollen explosion Chatsworth tornado Soaker in southwestern Ontario Jet winds across Ontario Never-ending rain storm across Ontario Ontario’s record October mildness Northwestern Ontario’s first snows are a doozy. Alberta wind squall Late March Prairie blows Pleas for rain finally answered on May long weekend Winds damage Manitoba property in early June Return to winter in June following May heat wave Altona tornado Bring the rain, forget the wind Rare multi-tornado day First tornado in weeks Rescue rains – too little too late August ends with a weather bang Time to let the cows out of the barn Sensational September across the Eastern Prairies Summer comes back in October Remembrance Day storm to remember. BC’s first winter storms Cold and record snows just days before Valentines March windstorm leads to power outages Flooding in the midst of coming drought September rains, rains and more rains Pacific weather bombs – among the most powerful ever Rare Vancouver tornado. Record January mildness Whitehorse’s record snowy winter – a possible flood threat Another year of retreating and thinning sea ice Following record cold comes record warm in Yukon Winter snows = Summer floods Heat advisories in the North Weather rarity October in the North – more rubber boots than winter boots

It is no surprise that Antarctica is on top of the list of the coldest countries in the world. Even though it is not a country, it is the coldest region on Earth and is covered in snow all year round.

During winters, the temperature drops to well below zero and the locals have some interesting survival tactics like ice fishing to cope with the weather of one of the coldest countries in the world.. However, during the winters, almost all of Canada receives snowfall and the temperature can drop to 40 degrees below zero making it one of the coldest countries in the world.. Located just south of Canada, the United States is one of the coldest countries in the world though not all the regions have a uniform temperature.. Instead, the wind currents in this country are such that the monsoon wind brings in extremely cold temperatures making this country perennially frigid.. The cold winds coming from the North are stopped by the high peaks leading to snowfall in the country and the temperature during winter can easily drop to minus twenty degrees.. One of the most beautiful Nordic countries situated in North-Western Europe is a popular tourist attraction of the European region, however, most of the people used to visit it in the warmer months of May to August because it becomes extremely cold in the winter season.. The coldest period of the country when the Siberian Anticyclone reaches the country and during this time temperature falls to -30 °C, however, there are many scenarios when the temperature has dropped to -40 °C.. Overall Sweden has a milder climate, however, because of its winter season, it is listed as one of the coldest countries in the world.. Denmark is a relatively warmer country if we compare it with the top coldest countries in the world through the country shares the same latitude as Hudson Bay in Canada and Siberia in Russia.

Coldest places on Earth: How cold is the coldest place in the world? The coldest temperature ever recorded was minus 128.6 degrees F in Vostok, Antarctica.

The coldest temperature ever recorded was minus 128.6 degrees F in at the Russian research station in Vostok, Antarctica, on July 21, 1983.. The weather is chilly and freezing, the coldest month is January and the lowest temperature recorded is −63.0 °C (−81.4 °F).. During the expedition, the coldest temperature recorded was −64.9 °C (−85 °F) on March, while the warmest temperature recorded was −1.8 °C (28.8 °F) on July.. This town in Sakha Republic, Russia is notable chiefly places for its exceptionally low winter temperatures and some of the greatest temperature differences between summer and winter on Earth.. This is the lowest recorded temperature for any permanently inhabited location on Earth.. Oymyakon and Verkhoyansk are the only two permanently inhabited places in the world that have recorded temperatures below −60.0 °C (−76 °F) for every day in January.

Looking for some fun Canada facts? Then you've come to the right place, as we share some awesome facts about Canada.

Looking for some fun Canada facts?. Then you’ve come to the right place, as we share some awesome facts about Canada.. This one is another one of my favorite Canada facts!. A cold and interesting fun Canada fact.. One of the most fun facts about Canada is this one!. A little known fact about Canada is that annually, it becomes home to around a tenth of the world’s resettled refugees.. Beautiful Peyto Lake It’s a pretty simple fact about Canada that lakes make up a lot of this country.. One of my favorite Canada facts is that many Canadians love mac and cheese.. Around seven million of these boxes are sold worldwide each year, and Canada buys a big chunk of them; that’ll be around 1.7 million boxes of Kraft Dinner.. Lacrosse was actually first played by First Nations people in the 1600s, first picked up by Canada’s Anglophone middle classes in the 19th century, was official– by an act of parliament in 1994 – declared to be the national sport of Canada.. The Canadian Parliament requested in 1982 that Canada be allowed to control its own destiny and voila – full autonomy of Canada.. That’s right listen up as this is one of my favorite Canada facts.. A lot of buildings in Canada utilize this style, mainly the epic “grand railway hotels” that were built by railway companies when train travel became a thing in the 20th century.. Hopefully, this informed you of some fun Canada facts!. Read More About Some of Our Favorite Places in Canada The Banff Blog Facebook Group is your headquarters for the Canadian Rockies travel advice and information.

Thanks to the stunning Kingdom Trails Network, the 300-mile Long and Catamount Trails, hiking in Vermont provides four seasons of bliss.

The original thru-hike, the Long Trail is the oldest continuous footpath in the United States, and the inspiration for the Appalachian Trail .. But most people do day trips on the Long Trail, they “section hike” the trail over years, they hit the trail for the weekend, or even just for an afternoon.. More than 166 miles of side trails provide access to the Long Trail and its 70 backcountry campsites.. In southern Vermont, the Long Trail and the Appalachian Trail share the same corridor for 100 miles.. Mansfield, Vermont’s highest peak, from a vantage point in a different mountain range, hike up 3538-ft Mt.. The trailhead is about 45 minutes from Burlington , Vermont’s biggest city, and about 15 minutes from Stowe , and though it’s challenging, you’ll be rewarded with panoramic views of the Green Mountain State at the summit.. Hunger’s rocky summit with 360-degree views of the spine of the Green Mountains to the north, south and west, and New Hampshire’s Presidential Range to the east.. The paved road as well as the park’s trails give walkers and hikers access to the park’s hardwood forests, a glimpse of Mt.. The rec area has 10 miles of multi-use non-motorized trails that connect to the Somerset Reservoir trail system, which in winter is home to the Catamount Trail, Vermont’s end-to-end ski trail.. Rush hour on the Sunset Ridge Trail's hiker highway © Andy Shih / Shutterstock If you come to Vermont to hike, don’t leave until you’ve conquered Mt.. Located in Lincoln, Vermont, the peak has also been dubbed Potato Hill and Lincoln Mountain, as well as Mt.. The most popular trail to the summit follows Vermont’s Long Trail from the summit of Lincoln Gap.. Start on the South Trail, and you’ll hike for a mile to Pulpit Rock, a peregrine falcon nesting area, and one of the mountain’s best panoramas of Lake Willoughby.. Hikers who just want a view sometimes turn around here, or take the side trail to a rocky perched that feels like it overhangs the lake from 650-ft above.. Continue, and it’s a moderate to challenging dirt path to the summit ridge and more views of northern Vermont and southern Canada as the ridge veers eastward away from the lake.

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